Para-Rowing is rowing or sculling open to both male and female rowers with a disability who meet the criteria set out in the Para-rowing Classification Regulations and Bye-Laws. Para-rowing was formerly called adaptive rowing and was first raced at the 2002 World Rowing Championships in Seville.
It was introduced into the Paralympic programme in 2005 and at the Beijing 2008 Paralympic Games it was held for the first time. The London 2012 Paralympic Games had 23 countries competing in Para-rowing for 12 medals in four boat classes. There was a total of 48 boats and 96 rowers. The medals were spread among nine countries.
Para-rowing is uniquely integrated with the World Rowing Federation, FISA, and para-rowers participate alongside able-bodied athletes at some of the World Rowing Cups and the World Rowing Championships each year. With a new event added in 2013, para-rowing is currently divided into five boat classes: PR3 mixed coxed four, PR3 mixed double sculls, PR2 mixed double sculls, PR1 women's single sculls and PR1 men's single sculls. The PR3 and PR2 are mixed gender boats. Starting in 2017, races are held over 2000 metres for all five events.
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